El Sur del Sur
The Southernmost South
feature characterizing works from this period is, as Héctor Schenone
states, "The predominance of religion... and the functionality attributed
to art as a tool for persuading and conveying ideas". Artists
and craftsmen worked for the benefit of a community whose life was centered
on the temple. Church itself was a manifestation of these values: facades-altarpieces
were the link between men and the sacred space; within the building, altarpieces
repeated this function and through them, colonial artists achieved remarkable
expressions. Numerous artists of Spanish and Italian origin came to this
land and made religious paintings and sculptures as well as portraits
of important figures in the Church and of civil officials. It is worth
noting than since the 17th century, numerous deliveries coming from European
ateliers arrived in Buenos Aires.
It is necessary to mention the work of the Society of Jesus: their architects built temples and dwelling places for their order, but also for others, and even for civilians. Among these men it is worth noting Andrés Bianchi (1677-1740).
Agricultural tasks in the Mocoví reducciones (settlement of converted Indians). Detail.
|Jesuit painters worked in the Plata River cities, Tucumán and Paraguay, adding paintings and sculptures to the temples and also devoting to the training of Indians, mestizoes and blacks in their ateliers. There are many names and much evidence of their production, which transcended time and endured till the present day. Among them, we will mention only one artist: German Jesuit Florian Pauke (1719-1789). His watercolor illustrated memoirs, a complete record of colonial Argentina, are preserved in Austria: military and civil garments, usages and customs of the Indians, everyday life, tools for plowing, agriculture and even fauna and flora.|
Left: Mocoví celebration. Detail. Right: Galicians in the early colonization period.
|María Teresa Constantin|
Table of contents Surfing the South Contact us now
© 1996-2013 Mario E. Farber, Irene N. Raizboim All rights reserved.