- music - literature
- theatre - cinema
- sports - folklore
- fine arts
Versión en Castellano
El Sur del Sur
The Southernmost South
Table of contents Surfing the South Contact us now CINEMA
Argentine Cinema History
Cinema arrived in Argentina soon after being launched in Paris and, in a short time, the first national productions started to be shot. Among other attractions, there were world-class pioneers in scientific and animation movies. But the true industry started only in 1933, with the establishment of sound film.
good times, when the Argentine movies were watched all over Hispanic-America,
lasted until the early 1950s. Afterwards, the gradual closure of the big studios,
the growth of television, the stagnation of popular cinema and the isolation
of auteur cinema imposed other rules. On the basis of these new rules, present-day
Argentina cinema has been reduced as to quantity and market, but it retains
a special quality, which has been acknowledged worldwide.
The first filmic exhibition, with a picture of the Lumiére's, took place on July, 18, 1896. In 1894 the kinetoscope had already made its arrival and, by early 1896, a kinetoscope concessionaire had tried public projections with a device of his own invention. In 1897, the import of French cameras started, and a Frenchman living in Argentina, Eugene Py, became the first filmmaker and cameraman with La bandera argentina (The Argentine Flag), a short movie.
In 1898, Dr. Alejandro Posadas initiated surgical cinema by shooting his own surgeries. In 1900, the first theaters specially intended for movie projections and the first filmed news reports appeared.
After that, it is worth mentioning the essays of sound film in 1907; the first fiction movie with professional actors, La revolución de mayo (May Revolution), in 1910; the first feature-length film, Amalia, in 1914; the first big success, Nobleza Gaucha (Gaucho Nobleness; with a cost of 25,000 pesos and box-office collections for half a million in six months, aside from bootleg copies) in 1915; the first animation feature-length movie in the world, El apóstol (The Apostle), in 1917; and the first woman director in Latin America, also in 1917.
Including melodramas, thrillers, comedies and movies with countryside subjects, during the silent film period over 200 movies were shot, the most outstanding ones being those with a tango climate by Agustín Ferreyra. However, a true industry was never organized and the films were never properly preserved.
The true industrial arose with sound films in 1933. Virtually at the same time, Argentina Sono Film was born, with Tango (where Libertad Lamarque, Tita Merello and Luis Sandrini made their debut); and Lumiton, with Los tres berretines (The Three Whims). Continue...
material kindly granted by the Pablo C. Ducros Hicken Cinema Museum
Table of contents Surfing the South Contact us now