tends to the extraction of fuels, non-metalliferous and metalliferous
The limitations of the domestic market; the lack of capitals for prospecting,
technology and infrastructure; the distance of the main metal fields from the
industrial centers, plus the fall of the international prices, do not foster
The total metal
output is 280,000 tons per year, iron accounting for a 60 per cent. The
raw material is extracted and processed in Zapla Blast Furnaces and in
the Sierra Grande metal field in Río Negro, which is inactive
but will start operating again by mid-1996, when it is privatized.
Zinc is extracted in Jujuy and in Ángela mine, Chubut,
and is exported to Japan, China, the Netherlands, Singapore and Pakistan.
Lead and silver are also obtained in Jujuy and, to a lesser degree,
in Chubut, Mendoza and Salta.
Turbio, Santa Cruz, coal is produced and then used for furnace coke
and power. The coal output decreased to 200,000 tons per year during
the last years.
the oil production in Comodoro Rivadavia began. The sedimentary
basins in Argentina have a surface of 675,678 sq. mi. (1,750,000 km2) and are
situated in the North-west,
Cuyo, Neuquén and Magallanes.
The crude oil
production per year is 30 million cubic meters. The main refineries
are: La Plata, Campana, Dock Sud, San Lorenzo, Campo
Durán, Plaza Huincul and Comodoro Rivadavia.
Rivers became an
important power supply, giving rise to the construction of hydroelectric
dams. The most important ones are those of Salto Grande, Chocón
Cerro Colorado, Futaleufú and Yaciretá, which
is still unfinished. When the works for the latter are over, it will allow savings
for 4 million tons of oil per year.
there was an approach to this power alternative with the establishment of the
Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica (CNEA, Nation
Commission of Atomic Power). In 1974, Atucha I atomic plant started
to operate in Zárate, with a capacity of 319,000 kilowatts. It was the
first in Latin America. In 1983, the second plant, Embalse Río III,
was inaugurated, with a power of 600,000 kilowatts. Atucha II plant,
situated in Paraná de las Palmas, which is still being built, will have
the same power.
development is used for night lighting, desalting of subterranean water and
electrical power in several points around the country. Aeolian energy
coming from wind mills are used for the extraction of subterranean waters and
the lighting of whole towns.
For further information
: Ministerio de Economía-Indice
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