Sea and River Transportation
The Possibilities for Tourism
As of 1990, transportation
and communications account for a 5 per cent of the Gross Domestic
The first railroad
was inaugurated in 1857 and then expanded up to 2127 miles of tracks.
Railroads were under British control until the 1940s, when they were nationalized
and remained under the jurisdiction of the State. In the 1990s, by way of a
privatizing process, they came to belong to private companies.
The companies managing
the main railroad lines are: Ferrocaril Mesopotámico, joining
Capital Federal to Posadas and connecting with Paraguay, Brazil and Uruguay.
Ferrocarril Nuevo Central Pampeano join Capital Federal and the center
and north-west, passing by Córdoba and Santa Fe. The Ferrocarril Ferrosur
joins Buenos Aires to Bahía Blanca, Zapala and Viedma. The Ferrocarril
Provincial joins Capital Federal to Mar del Plata and is the one carrying
more passengers in the country. Ferrocarril Buenos Aires al Pacífico
links the Pampa plain to the south of Pampa Sierras and the Cuyo area.
and River Transportation:
The main commercial
ports are Buenos Aires, Bahía Blanca, Quequén,
Rosario and Paraná. Over a 90 per cent of the Argentine
foreign trade is carried out through the sea. But the Argentine ports have some
disadvantages: high taxes, low depth, limited infrastructure. There is no deep
water port, except for Madryn, which is outside the commercial area.
The Paraguay-Paraná waterway demands for the creation of a deep water
port, since this traffic is directly related to Mercosur,
in order to improve fluvial communications with the rest of the bordering countries.
Air lanes also
concentrate on Buenos Aires. The most important international airport
is Ezeiza, at 18 miles (29 km) from Capital Federal. The two most important
airlines are Aerolíneas Argentinas and Líneas Aéreas
Privadas Argentinas (LAPA).
In 1988, Argentina
started satellite transmission/broadcast through Intelsat VF13.
As of 1993, an Argentine satellite system for telecommunications started
to operate, being used for telephone and broadcasting.
Possibilities for Tourism
In the last years,
domestic tourism grew a great deal, both in summer and winter. Besides,
there was an increase in the development of different kinds of tours: for senior
citizens and school children, mini-tourism, ecological and adventure tours.
Buenos Aires is the obligatory passageway for visiting countless tourist
sites. The ones preferred for their natural attractions are: Mar del Plata,
Córdoba Sierras, Quebrada de Huamahuaca, Tafí
del Valle, Jujuy, Salta, Cafayate, Valle de la Luna,
the Falls of Iguazú, the Iberá Marshlands, Mendoza,
San Martín de los Andes, Bariloche, Esquel, Glaciers,
For further information:
Ministerio de Economía-Indice
Sur del Sur
The Southernmost South
Surfing the SOUTH
Contact us now
Mario E. Farber